Two lectures by Professor Hsin Chu from the Cheng Kung University in Taiwan.

These are presentations – materials for his lectures. I am not sure if he intended to make them public, because they did not appear on his homepage but could be downloaded by knowing the link. They are presented quite simply, these are materials for students. They are good lectures and a very good starting point for learning the subject.

The most interesting is table 5.2 on slide 45 in lecture 5 on the composition of the equilibrium. It shows that at temperatures below 1400K (slightly above 1100 °C) there is only water and carbon dioxide. Sulfur dioxide will be present, nitrogen oxides is a complex issue. However unburnt components, eg smoke, remain in a typical combustion in the furnace only because the reaction does not reach the equilibrium state. The table is for the stoichiometric amount of air. More precise tables can be obtained i.e. using CEA software. In an oxidizing environment, there is some small level of CO and no other carbon compounds.

Most interesting is perhaps lecture 6 about nitrogen oxides.

“Fundamentals of air pollution engineering”, R. Flagan, J. Seinfeld (1988)

Book on the formation of air pollution, in particular in combustion reactions.

The book is publicly available for non-commercial use on the Caltech library resource page.

It’s a decent book. May be a bit outdated.

Chemical software

In my opinion, the best way to study flame chemistry is to directly analyze its equations. The good sets of equations were created by the CRECK Modeling Group from Politecnico di Milano. Files in CHEMKIN format can be downloaded from this page For single-point reactions I use Cantera software.

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